Satellite images revealed by the space agency, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) show that farmers in Punjab have started burning their crops residue parts. Every year, this stubble burning affects the air quality of Delhi and its surrounding regions in a severe way.
According to the satellite images revealed by NASA, about seven fresh fires in the farming fields of Punjab have been observed between September 13 and 16. This indicates that the stubble burning has been started by the farmers in Punjab.
The burning of stubble affects the air quality as it emits toxic pollutants on burning such as Methane, Carbon dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, and harmful polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
Stubble burning Reports and Data
Sanjeev Nagpal, who is an advisor to the Union and the Punjab governments on the crop residue management informed that, in the last year 2019, approximately 50,000 cases of stubble burning were reported in Punjab.
He said, “Stubble burning contributes about 18 percent to the total 40 Percent particulate matter present in the atmosphere in Northern plains.”
Last year, stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana had contributed to about 44 percent of the pollution in Delhi NCR, as per the records of System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research (SAFAR), the Ministry of Earth Science.
Pawan Gupta, a research scientist at Goddard Earth Sciences Technology and Research-informed that the red spots indicated as red dots in the satellite images Released by NASA are from Amritsar in Punjab.
Gupta said, “Crop forces in the state of Punjab and Haryana have started taking place in India. This year, we will support satellite air quality data analysis and forecasting through a community forum for better understanding the impact of such fires on local weather and environment.”
Special Taskforce for controlling stubble burning
A high-level task force, aiming to control the air quality and air pollution in Delhi NCR, is lead by PK Mishra, who is the principal secretary to the prime minister. He has asked Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh to put extra efforts and give support and incentives to control stubble burning.
For controlling stubble burning, it was asserted that an adequate amount of teams should be deployed. And teams must ensure that no stubble burning takes place especially in the states, Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh, the Prime Minister’s Office said.